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Growing Pains

Bali Undergoing High Rates of Population Growth and Achieving Populations Densities Second Only to Crowded Parts of Java.

(12/18/2011) In the ten years from 2000 to 2010, Bali recorded its highest  ever annual rate of population growth, measuring 2.15% growth per year, increasing from 3.15 million people in 2000 to 3.89 million residents just ten years later.

In the four previous decades starting from 1960, the average growth rate never surpassed 2%. In fact, from 1990 to 2000, the average rate of population growth stood at only 1.26%, while in the previous decade the average was 1.18%.

Bali’s population has more than doubled since 1960 when the island counted only 1.78 million people.

According to The Jakarta Post, Bali ranks as having the second highest rate of population growth among all regions of Indonesia, following Banten with an average rate of growth of 2.7% over the past decade.

Bali is now the most densely populated province in Indonesia outside of crowded Java. Bali now averages 673 people per square kilometer.

Bali's rapid growth in population is attributed to both high birth rates and significant migration from other areas across Indonesia. Migrants are believed to constitute 10% of the island’s total population.

Bali’s population remains concentrated in the southern part of the island where business, hotels and villa are congregated.

Bali Governor Made Mangku Pastika told The Jakarta Post: “There are an increasing number of people coming to Bali; all of them need jobs, need places to live, and need transportation. We have to improve the quality of our human resources in Bali to be able to face the competition.”