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RI Islands Sinking as Shorelines Rise

The National Press Agency for Meteorology, Climate, and Geophysics (BMKG) predicts that the oceans surrounding Indonesia will rise between 0.8 and 1.2 centimeters annually due to the continuing impact of climate change.

Donaldi Permana, a BMKG researcher-coordinator, speaking at a seminar in Denpasar, painted a grim picture: “This is significant as it will cause several small Indonesian islands and seaside communities, homes to countless families, to disappear.” Adding: “This human aspect of the crisis should deeply concern us all.”

Going, Going, Gone

Donaldi’s public presentation described the nationwide impact if average temperatures increase by only 0.45 to 0.75 degrees Celsius. He described the dire consequences of climate change and changes in rainfall and how these will affect 5.8 million square kilometers of ocean area and threaten shipping, especially for vessels of 10 gross tons or less.

Furthermore, the expert researcher warned that climate change and rainfall changes, now averaging 75 millimeters per month, will make 18 thousand kilometers of shoreline vulnerable.

 Meanwhile, he described how average global temperatures over the past decade (2014-2023) have increased by 1.2 degrees or decreased by 0.12 degrees compared to temperatures recorded between 1850 and 1900.

The change in temperatures is caused by “global warming” due to higher concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the byproduct of massive fossil fuel consumption in the form of coal and petroleum. In addition, high rates of deforestation and jungle clearance brought on by global population pressures

Higher temperatures, a result of “global warming” due to increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from massive fossil fuel consumption, are melting ice in the Arctic and Antarctica at an alarming rate. This contributes to rising sea levels, which have increased by 4.72 millimeters annually for each year from January 2013 through December 2022. Scientists say the impact of these higher sea levels is most pronounced in tropical nations located around the equator.

Experts are urging radical steps to reduce the use of fossil fuels and mitigate global warming. Simultaneously, equally vigorous steps are needed to minimize electrical consumption and private transportation. 

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